Marxist political economics comply with the general trend of the times, and must meet the needs of economics, not just from the level of ideology.
Even if you want to complete your ideology education, it should also put it in an economics education. First, no matter what economics, as long as it is economics, it should be satisfied that people ‘s demand for economics is in a quite number of students’ minds, and Marxism’ s political economics is classified as an ideological discipline.
This view is not unreasonable, and Marxist political economics does undertake the task of ideological education. But it is obvious that this cannot be satisfied.
If it is satisfied, the function of solving economic problems is given to Western economics.
Moreover, the main contradiction of the current society is the contradiction between the backward social productivity and the growing material cultural needs of the broad masses of the people, and the central work of the whole party and the people of the country is based on economic construction. Marxist political economics comply with the general trend of the times, and must meet the needs of economics, not just from the level of ideology.
Even if you want to complete the task of ideological education, it should be economics education that resides in.
There are promising position, a social status that the subject of disciplinary role and contribution to society.
Under the planned economy of Marxist economics has a very important position so precisely that it planned economy itself guiding role. Now a market economy, the Marxist political economy should take advantage of change, and strive to meet the needs of the people in the new era of economics itself.
If a subject does not meet long-term needs of the community, society will be eliminated, being replaced by other disciplines, the law of survival of the fittest here also plays a role.
Second, the only in-depth fiery practice, deeply aware of economic realities, and for its scientific theory generalization, in order to adhere to innovation and development of Marxist political economy is productivity, in any discipline only continue to solve new problems, and to solve new problems when we can continue to develop its own vitality, and therefore insisted, because the theory is gray, and the evergreen tree of life.
Deep fiery practice, truly perceive economic realities, founder and successor of Marxist economics gave us made an outstanding example.
In order to study Marx capitalist mode of production and the relations of production and distribution relationships with them to adapt, bid farewell to his hometown in Germany, came to this mode of production was the only developed country in the United Kingdom, personally feel the run and living every aspect of this mode of production , so only the capitalist social performance is a huge accumulation of goods, with commodity exchange is a thrilling jump, with the production of relative surplus value, as well as expropriate the expropriators and so profound description and famous thesis. Marx was alive was published in 1867 with "Das Kapital," I, the remaining two volumes compiled by Engels after Marx’s death, and published respectively in 1885 and 1894.
Since the publication of the third volume of time relative to the first volume has been separated for 27 years, capitalism and market economy has undergone many changes, especially in terms of changes in exchange and stock markets, Engels of these new cases were studied, and added his own the opinion of. In 1917, Lenin penned "Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism," a study of Marx and Engels have not experienced monopoly capitalism, to study the concentration and monopoly, studied the financial capital and the financial oligarchy, the export of capital and other production It does not appear in the era of laissez-faire capitalism had only a monopoly capitalist phenomenon. If Western economics viable, then that same vitality that constantly study Western economics issues in emerging market economies, and targeted to solve these problems, even with competition between the various schools. From the publication of Marx’s "Das Kapital" Volume has now been nearly a half-century. The entire world economy, science and technology have taken place with unusual speed unexpected changes.
More importantly, not only capitalist production relations have undergone significant changes, we have experienced the practice of planned economy, and ultimately because of inefficient planned economic system and negation, choose the socialist market economy. With the rapid economic development, there have been many associated with such rapid development, how to effectively solve these problems, so that our economy can be sustained and healthy development, and make the fruits of development to benefit real people, research and analysis to address these issues It is the era of the mission of Chinese Economics. Innovation of Marxist political economy, there must be characteristics of the times, we must make a highly effective answer to these questions, that tell a good story with the Chinese economic theory.
In a sense, Marxist economics should be the same clinical economics. Third, political economy must be open to innovation Marxist economics is an open system like Marx, lessons and learn from the achievements he was able to reach all of human civilization. In research methods, Marx borrowed from Hegel’s dialectic, absorbed in economics classical economics representatives Adam Smith, David Ricardo’s labor theory of value, labor duality principle is that only his own original contribution.
He speaks well of "Economic Table" Quesnay evaluation of the French representative of classical economics.
"Economic Table" to Marxist build their total social capital theory of reproduction is instructive. Even for which he himself considered vulgar economics West Neal, Say, McCulloch and others theories, he also had read the scientific evaluation and fine. No open and inheritance, there is no Marxist political economy. Western economics but also in the development of an open and competitive. Western economics have a lot of genres, such as classical economics, new classical economics, Keynesian, monetarist, supply-siders, Austrians and so on.
Not only between the various schools compete with each other, and complement each other. Like the products and services on the market, as if there is no competition between each other, western economics would not have today’s achievements. It must not be a way to protect the development of Marxist economics.
Undoubtedly, Marxist economics and Western economics has its own comparative advantages, the development of Marxist economics should draw on relevant research results of western economics. Fourth, more in the past for the "Capital" of such profound Marxist classical economics works more from the labor theory of value and surplus value theory, society will have to plan the distribution of social labor from the operational level to study classical Marxist economics literature various departments, and socialism will inevitably replace capitalism angle studies. Today, we should be more research from the operational level, such as aspects of Marx’s discussion of the real economy, monetary theory, two major departments of balance, average profit theory, the formation of excess surplus value and innovation theory and other research and exposition.
Such studies and elucidate our understanding of the real problems are quite instructive.
(The author is Professor of Economics of Renmin University of China, Professor.
) (Editor: Gao Wei, Qin Hua).